Urinary tract infection (UTI) is caused by the presence of micro-organism in the urinary tract. When you have UTI, you may or may not have any signs and symptoms.
UTI may manifest as;
Dysuria (painful urination)
Heamaturia (blood in urine)
Pyuria (pus in urine)
Pain or pressure in your back or lower abdomen
Fever and chills.
How to Prevent Urinary Tract Infection
- Females should always clean around the perineum and urethra meatus from front to back after urination (from the vulva area back towards the anus). This is because feaces contains bacteria called Escherichia coli, which is normal and does not cause any problem in the rectum. When this E.coli by any means gets into the urinary tract, it causes infection.
Emphasis is usually laid on the females because of the proximity of the anus and the urethra.
- Have a shower instead of bathing in the tube. This is because; bacteria in the bath water can enter into the urethra.
- Drink enough quantity of fluid during the day to flush out bacteria in the urinary tract.
- Void (urinate) every 2-3 hours during the day and completely empty the bladder.
- Urinate immediately after sexual intercourse and take prescribed single dose of an oral antimicrobial drug if sexual intercourse is the initiating factor.
- Avoid multiple sexual partners.
If UTI is not treated, it can lead to so many other diseases and even infertility. Once you notice you have UTI, inform your physician, who will prescribe an anti microbial drug for you.
Remember, prevention is better than cure…